If you’re like most people, you’re probably not where you want to be financially.
And that is totally okay! You can actually do something about it. And it start by getting organized.
There are 8 steps to organize your finances.
1. Write down your assets and liabilities
First, you need to track where you are financially right now. Not your income and expenses (which is what you use for tracking a budget), but what you actually have — your assets and your liabilities.
So, list all your assets and liabilities on a template or in a Word document (you can download my free templates).
Assets: List all bank accounts (checking, savings, etc.), retirement accounts, equity in your home(s), vehicles, and stocks/bonds/annuities/etc.
Liabilities: List all of your debts, including your mortgage, student loans, car loans, other loans, credit cards, and any all other debt.
Once you have your assets and your liabilities written down in some way (excel or on paper), move on to the next step.
2. Calculate your net worth
The second step requires you to calculate your net worth.
To calculate your net worth, subtract your total debt from your total assets (Assets – Debt = Net Worth).
You can do this using a digital app (I use Personal Capital), or you can use the templates you downloaded in Step 1.
For a more detailed look at net worth, read my post on How to Track Your Net Worth.
3. Record your income and expenses
Steps 1 and 2 give you a picture of your overall financial health. They show you how you’re doing financially as a whole by looking at your net worth. This is really important to know. Equally as important, but different, is your monthly cash flow. Cash flow is a finance word for budget.
But before we get to projecting and planning out a budget (Step 7 below), here I just want you to track what you are currently making and spending.
Income: List any income you receive, such as your salary, any additional income from stocks/bonds, and any income from side jobs or sales.
Expenses: List your total monthly expenses. Look back at the last three months and take the average of what you spend, or you can calculate your spending for the year and divide by twelve months. This will spread out spending evenly for the months where spending is higher (eg: December for the holidays).
4. Calculate your cash flow
Once you have your income and expenses listed, you need to calculate your monthly cash flow. Do this by subtracting your total expenses from your total income (Income – Expenses = Monthly Cash Flow). Think of cash flow as “money in and money out”.
Knowing your cash flow situation is super important because it’s the tool that you’ll use to change your situation (more on that in Step 6, below)!
5. Get your credit reports and credit score
Now it’s time for you to get your credit reports and credit score.
You can get your credit reports for free from each of the three reporting agencies once a year from AnnualCreditReport.com. Follow my step by step guide on How To Check Your Credit to get started now.
You should absolutely take the time to go do this! It’s super important so you know whether your identity has been compromised and what the credit agencies are looking at on your credit reports.
To get your credit score, you’ll need to pay about $20 or so.
Steps 1-5 are all about data collecting. Once you’re done getting all your facts down, you’re ready to actually evaluate what everything means. The purpose of this step is to get you prepared for creating a budget in the next step (but you can only do that if you’ve evaluated where you are now).
Let’s take a look at each section….
To evaluate your net worth, look at whether the number is positive or negative. If you have more assets than liabilities, you have a positive net worth. If your net worth is lower than you want it to be, set a goal to increase it. Knowing your net worth is the first step to changing it (and your net worth is really important).
To evaluate your cash flow, look at the money left over (or not!) after you subtract your expenses from your income.
This will give you an idea of whether you’re overspending, underspending, or somewhere in the middle. Once you know what your cash flow looks like, you can decide for yourself how to make adjustments and create a plan to achieve your financial dreams (you’ll do this in Step 7 below).
Take a look at your savings (specifically your liquid savings — i.e. the cash you have sitting in the bank that you can access in case of an emergency).
Compare yourself to the recommended savings / debt ratios . At a minimum, you should have 3 months of living expenses saved, and ideally, 8 months. Why? Because unexpected things happen all the time, and while they’re never easy to deal with, they’re a lot easier when you don’t have to worry about how to pay for it.
Read each of your credit reports so you know what’s been reported, and also look for errors. If you have incorrect information on your credit report, you need to get it corrected. To do this, contact the appropriate credit bureau. The agency must investigate the dispute within 30 days of your request. Alternatively, you can write to the creditor disputing the incorrect entry.
Negative entries remain on your report for 7 years. After 7 years, the negative entries should fall off. If you have negative entries on your credit report that are over 7 years old, you should request to have that information removed by contacting the agency reporting the information or by contacting the creditor.
Evaluate your credit score by using the following guidelines:
a) Less than 500: Very bad credit
b) 500-549: Bad credit
c) 550-599: Poor credit
d) 600-649: Fair/Average credit
e) 650-699: Good credit
e) 700-749: Very good credit
f) 750 and up: Excellent credit
7. Create monthly and yearly budgets
After you have evaluated where you are right now, you can make a plan to take you where you want to go.
Enter the B-word.
Take your time and create a budget that works for you in this step. Use your knowledge of where you are financially from the previous steps to help you decide how to create a budget.
Get started budgeting by following my How To Start A Budget Guide.
For more detailed explanations of how to start a budget, use these tools:
- Budgeting for Budget Haters (a budgeting course)
- The Real Life Money Plan (a money-planning course)
- Budget Spreadsheets (templates you can download)
- 21 Days to a Better Budget (a budgeting eBook)
- The Ultimate Guide To Budgeting (a blog post)
8. Review, Revise, and Repeat
Once you have completed steps 1-7, create a schedule where you “check in” and review your finances, revise anything that needs changed, and stay up to date with your numbers and reports.
I recommend doing this at least monthly.
It’s important to stay on top of your finances and know where you stand financially all of the time. An easy way to do that is to follow these steps every year. By using a yearly budget, you’ll be able to compare your yearly spending and watch your net worth and cash flow increase (hopefully)!
A Final Note!
Love it or hate it, your finances need to be a priority in your life. To have financial success for you and your family, you need to take control of your money.
The first step to doing that is to get organized.
Follow the 8 steps above to organize your finances.
I don’t know where I’d be if my money wasn’t organized. No one will care as much about your money as you do, so start now!